Coffee Profiles and Tips

-Learn and Enjoy-

Brazil Coffee

Cupping Notes: caramel, milk chocolate, vanilla, and dried berries: medium-full body

Origin: Brazil

Farm Manager: Cassio Martins

Location at Origin: Minas Gerais & Sao Paulo

Name of Farms: Monte Verde, São Vicente and Padre Victor

Varietal: Yellow Bourbon, Acaiá, Mundo Novo, Catuai, Catucaí, Red Bourbon and Icatu

Grade: 17/18 Screen

Processing: Natural

Certification: Rainforest Alliance

Altitude: 950 to 1,300 meters

 

Farm Information: Fazenda Monte Verde is an award-winning farm in the region of Sul de Minas, in the state of Minas Gerais. With elevation ranging from 1000 to 1260 meters (3100 to 4300 feet) above sea level, Monte Verde is situated in a geographically advantageous coffee-growing region and produces six different varieties on 573 hectares alongside 169 hectares of natural reserve lands. The farm has a focus on long-term sustainability and has incorporated an array of modern practices, such as satellite-guided precision agriculture. Much of the staff has been working on the farm for over 5 years while some have have worked on the farm their entire lives. Many workers from the younger generations took their first job on Monte Verde. Members of the staff demonstrate a solid commitment to quality coffee production and take pride in their work.

 

The farm was selected as a Brazil Cup of Excellence finalist in 2011, 2012 and 2013 and won first place in the 2012 EMATER, Minas Gerais State Quality Contest Natural and Pulp Natural categories.The farm is Rainforest Alliance certified and in its 5th year as “CERTIFICA MINAS”.

The farm is notable for its rich diversity of bird species, including orange and green billed Toucans, hawks, and parrots. Endangered wolf species hunt rats in the pasture and a troop of monkeys are often heard but rarely seen. Occasionally, one can see “micros” or very small black monkeys with white faces. The region is representative of three biomes, including Atlantic Forest, Cerrado and Caatinga, and the farm contains 417 acres of natural reserve.

Colombia Coffee

Cupping Notes: chocolate, toffee, and lemon

Origin: Colombia

Region: La Union, Nariño

Farm Association: Various women smallholder farmer members of FUDAM

Processing type: Washed

Grade: 1

Plant Varietal: Castillo, Caturra, Colombia

Altitude: 1600-2100 masl

Certification: Fair Trade, Organic

Program: Women Coffee Producers

Farm Information: 

Fundación Agraria y Ambiental Para el Desarrollo Sostentible (FUDAM) is a 300-member association of organic-certified (and Rainforest Alliance–certified) growers that was founded in the year 2000 by just seven producers who shared a vision of sustainable agriculture as well as environmental protection and development. This group of smallholders lives in and around the small municipality of La Unión in Nariño, where the terrain differs greatly from in other coffee-growing areas like Cauca: Instead of walking up from the town to the farms, as elsewhere, here the towns are at such high elevation that the farms are typically lower elevation, surrounded by high peaks and rough road.

Organization leader Raquel Lasso has established a subgroup for women, called Manos de Mujeres, focused on empowering projects as well as gender-equity in payment for women growers in the cooperative. The farmers pick their coffee during the day and depulp it in the afternoon, typically fermenting the lots for 16–24 hours dry. The coffees are generally washed two or three times before being dried either in small "casa elbas," mechanical dryers, or parabolic dryers. The mechanical drying takes between 25–40 hours, while the other drying structures can take up to 15 days.

 

Indonesia Coffee

Cupping Notes: Plum, wine, strawberry and orange.  Sweet and very smooth.  Balanced.

Origin: Indonesia

Location at Origin: Gayo highland - Central of Aceh

Grade: 1

Name of Farm: KSU Rahmat Kinara in cooperation  with Harapan Bersama

Processing: Giling Basah (Wet Hulled)

Certification: Fair Trade

Plant varietal: Jember, Ateng, Bourbon, Bergandaal

Altitude: 1200 - 1300 masl

Farm Information: Gayo highland is the most well known place in Indonesia for it’s high quality Aribica beans and sustainably managed farms.  “Gayo” itself means “nice” and comes from the local tribe which has around 85,000 people living in the mountains where this coffee is grown. These coffee farms have existed since Dutch colonization. 

Costa Rica Coffee

Cupping Notes: sweet caramel, blackberry, strawberry, and a creamy mouthfeel

Region: Sabanilla de Alajuela, Central Valley

Origin: Costa Rica

Farm: Calle Lajas

Grade: 1 - Specialty

Variety: Caturra, Catuai, Villa Sarchi

Altitude: 1450 masl

Processing: Honey

Program: Microlot

Farm Information: Oscar and Francisca Chacon of Las Lajas Micromill are third-generation coffee producers who are committed to quality and innovation and are probably best known for being among the first to produce Honey and Natural coffees in Costa Rica in the 2000s. Las Lajas began producing honey coffees in 2008 after an earthquake cut off the mill's access to water for several weeks. Oscar had heard that in Brazil and Ethiopia they use pulped-natural and natural techniques to process coffees, so he tried it with his harvest that year. Around that same time, Cafe Imports founder and president Andrew Miller visited the area and was so impressed by the flavor of the Chacons' coffee he became one of the first buyers of the new process.

The micromill is also one of the only certified-organic mills in the area, and the Chacons take their environmental impact very seriously. As average temperatures rise and the weather patterns change, the Chacons are considering adding more shade trees to their farm to moderate the heat, and to add irrigation systems to combat the inconsistent rainy seasons Costa Rica has had the past few years. To mitigate their water usage, Oscar uses a Penagos demucilaging machine to depulp his coffee, which has cut the Chacon's water consumption down to almost nothing.

Harvesting and processing are overseen with great care by both Oscar and Francisca: During the harvest, Francisca measures the Brix of the cherry to determine the optimal ripeness, and picking will begin when the Brix reads about 22°. Harvesting by Brix reading is also helpful as newer varieties sometimes ripen to different colors: Using the refractometer helps keep the harvest at uniform ripeness, which is key when producing high-quality Naturals and Honeys.

The Chacons produce several different types of Honeys and Naturals: For their Honeys, 100% of the mucilage is left on the coffee, and the coffee is dried in different ways. Oscar believes that just as the roast profile will change the flavor of a coffee, the drying curve also has an impact. He wants the drying to happen slowly, which means that production is necessarily limited. "Every day I wake up I learn something new,” Oscar says about his study of the drying process.

The Chacons determine which process to use based on the weather on the day the coffee is harvested, as well as the desired profile.

  • Yellow Honey: Coffee is turned hourly on raised beds.

  • Red Honey: Coffee is turned several times a day on the beds, but not as frequently as for yellow honey.

  • Black Honey: The coffee is only turned once per day.

Guatemala Organic Fair Trade

Cupping Notes: Clean, sweet and citric with lemon, toffee and praline flavors.

Region: Cuilco, Colotenango, Santa Bárbara, San Sebastián Huehuetenango, Sipacapa, San Antonio Huista, Unión Cantinil, San Pedro Necta, Todos Santos, Concepción Huista, San Marcos

Farm: Various women smallholder farmer members of ASPROCDEGUA

Process: Washed

Grade: 1

Varietal: Bourbon, Caturra, Catuai, Pache

Altitude: 1600–2200 masl

Certification: Fair Trade, Organic

Program: Women Coffee Producers

Story: Asociación de Productores de Café Diferenciados y Especiales de Guatemala (ASPROCDEGUA) is a producing organization with 664 contributing members, 394 of whom have organic certification. The producing members own small farms, an average of 2 hectares each, on which they plant coffee as well as other crops for diversification, including bananas, citrus fruit like oranges and lemons, avocado, guava, and cassava. The organization offers its members access to technical assistance and routinely provides services such as soil analysis, test farms, and social projects based on food security, education, and nutrition. The smallholders of ASPROCDEGUA are from several different municipalities within the area, including San Marcos, Cuilco, Colotenango, Santa Bárbara, San Sebastián Huehuetenango, Sipacapa, San Antonio Huisa, Cantinil Union, San Pedro Necta, Todos Santos, and Concepción Huista.

 

Papua New Guinea - Organic Fair Trade

Cupping Notes: sweet with lively acidity and a heavy mouthfeel; chocolate, melon, toffee, grapefruit, and floral flavors

Region: Chimbu Province, Chuave District, Eastern Highlands

Farm: Keto Tepasi Progress Association (375 smallholder members)

Processing: Washed

Grade: 1

Variety: Arusha, Bourbon, Typica

Altitude: 1600 - 1800 masl

Certification: Fair Trade, Organic

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